Kusanthula ndikusintha kwamavuto abwinobwino kumapeto kwa nsalu

1.Mavuto abwinobwino pakumaliza pang'ono:

Simungathe kumverera koyenera:

Mtundu wofewa womaliza wofewa umasiyanasiyana ndi zomwe makasitomala amafunikira, monga zofewa, zosalala, zofewa, zofewa, zosalala, zowuma, ndi zina zambiri, kutengera mitundu yosiyanasiyana imasankha zofewa zosiyanasiyana. Mwachitsanzo, mufilimuyi, pali mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya kanema wofewetsa, kufewetsa kwake, kusagwirizana, kuzembera, chikasu, mawonekedwe amtundu wa nsalu ndizosiyana; Mu mafuta a silicone, mafuta amtundu wa silicone osinthidwa ndimitundu ina yosinthidwa amasiyana, monga amino silicone mafuta, mafuta a hydroxyl silicone, mafuta a epoxy osinthidwa, mafuta a carboxyl osinthidwa ndi zina zotero.

Mtundu umasanduka wachikaso:

Nthawi zambiri ndimtundu wina wamafilimu komanso amino silicone omwe amayamba chifukwa cha chikaso cha amino. Mufilimuyi, cationic film yofewa, kumva bwino, kumamatira kosavuta pa nsalu, koma kosavuta kusungunuka kwachikasu, hydrophilic, monga kukonzanso kanema wa cationic kukhala mafuta ofunikira, wachikaso amachepetsedwa, hydrophilic iyeneranso kusintha, monga cationic composite film ndi hydrophilic silicone mafuta, kapena ndi hydrophilic kumaliza wothandizila wothandizirana, imasintha ma hydrophilicity ake.

Kanema wa Anion kapena kanema wopanda ion siwowoneka bwino wachikaso, kanema wina samakhala wachikaso, komanso samakhudza ma hydrophilicity.

Amino silicone mafuta ndi mafuta omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri pakadali pano, koma chifukwa amino amachititsa kuti mtundu usinthe komanso wachikasu, kukwera kwa ammonia, kukulitsa chikasu, kuyenera kusinthidwa kukhala mafuta achikasu amino ochepa kapena polyether yosinthidwa, epoxy modified silicone mafuta omwe ndi osavuta kuwomba chikasu.

Kuphatikiza apo, opanga ma cationic monga 1227, 1831, 1631 nthawi zina amagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga ma emulsion polymerization ngati emulsifiers, omwe amathanso kupanga chikasu.

Mafuta a silicone akamatulutsa mafuta, kugwiritsa ntchito emulsifier, "zoyeserera" zake ndizosiyana, kumapangitsa kusintha kosiyanasiyana ndikuwala kwamitundu, kwakhala kusintha kwamitundu.

(3) nsalu yama hydrophilicity yatsika:

Mavuto omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito pamafilimu ndi mafuta a silicone mufilimuyo atasowa majini oyamwa madzi, ndipo kutsekedwa ngati mapadi a hydroxyl, ubweya wa carboxyl, amino ndi malo ena oyamwitsira madzi adapangitsa kuchepa kwamadzi, ayenera kusankha momwe angathere, non-ionic film and hydrophilic type of silicone mafuta.

(4) mawanga akuda:

Chifukwa chachikulu ndichakuti nsaluyo sinatsukidwe asanalandire chithandizo, ndipo utoto wake umakhala wakuda mukamadaya. Kapena thovu lochuluka kwambiri m'malo osamba, thovu ndi sweta yamaluwa, kusakaniza utoto pa nsalu; Kapena mafuta oyandama omwe akuyandama chifukwa cha mawanga amdima; Kapena phula mu VAT ya utoto pa nsalu; Kapena utoto wosiyanasiyana umakhala wonyezimira; Kapena madzi a calcium magnesium ion ochulukirapo komanso kuphatikiza utoto mu nsalu ndi zifukwa zina. Kuti athandizidwe, monga chithandizo chisanachitike kuti muwonjezere mafuta oyeretsera, kupaka Edzi kuti mugwiritse ntchito chithovu chotsika, osapatsako thovu, wothandizira kuti asankhe mtundu wamafuta osayandama, onjezerani othandizira kuti akweze madzi, onjezerani kusungunuka kwa dispersant kuti muteteze utoto wa utoto, kugwiritsa ntchito moyenera kuyeretsa poyeretsa silinda.

(5) mawanga owala:

Chifukwa chachikulu ndichakuti mankhwalawa asanakhale yunifolomu, madera ena a Mao Xiao osauka, akana utoto, kapena kukana kutaya utoto, nsalu kapena kupangira mankhwala ena ndi sopo wa magnesium calcium, sopo, ndi zina zambiri, kapena silika wosagwirizana, wosagwirizana kapena chopangidwa mwaluso kuti chiume, kapena nsalu yokhala ndi sodium sulphate yosungunuka, phulusa la soda ndi zolimba zina, kapena utoto usanaumitse madontho amadzi, kapena kupaka utoto pokonzanso kofewa ndi zowonjezera monga mabanga. Momwemonso, ayenera kulandira chithandizo, monga kulimbikitsa chithandizo cham'mbuyomu, kusankha wothandizira asanathandizidwe sayenera kupanga sopo ya calcium ndi magnesium, chithandizo chamankhwala choyambirira chiyenera kukhala chofananira komanso chokwanira (izi ndizokhudzana ndi kusankha kwa wothandizira, wolowera , kubera obalalitsa, wolowetsa mkati, ndi zina zambiri), sodium sulfate, soda iyenera kukhala mu VAT ndipo iyenera kulimbikitsa kasamalidwe kake.

6. Malo a Alkali:

Chifukwa chachikulu ndichakuti kuchotsedwa kwa alkali pambuyo pa chithandizo chamankhwala chisanachitike (monga kuyeretsa, mercerization) sikoyera kapena yunifolomu, zomwe zimabweretsa m'badwo wa soda, chifukwa chake tiyenera kulimbikitsa njira yochotsera alkali munthawi ya chithandizo.

Zofewa zofewa:

Pali zifukwa zotsatirazi:

A. Zomwe zili mufilimuzi sizabwino, pali zotsekemera zotchinga zomwe zimatsatira nsaluyo;

B. Pambuyo pa thovu lazamalonda kwambiri, mu nsalu yotulutsidwa, chovalacho chili ndi zipsera za thovu;

C. Mtundu wamadzi siabwino, kuuma kwake ndikokwera kwambiri, zosafunika m'madzi ndi zofewetsa zimalumikiza nsalu. Mafakitale ena amagwiritsanso ntchito sodium hempetaphosphate kapena alum pochizira madzi, zinthuzi ndi zosafunika m'madzi zimayandama, kulowa m'malo osamba ofewa pambuyo pa nsalu ndi mawanga;

D. Pamwamba pa nsalu yokhala ndi anion, pokonza zofewa, ndi zotsekemera za cationic zophatikizidwa kukhala zipsera, kapena nsalu pamwamba ndi alkali, kotero kuti kufewetsa kosalala;

Kapangidwe E. Softener ndiyosiyana, ena pamatenthedwe apamwamba amachititsa kuti chofewacho kuchokera ku emulsified state kukhala slag kutsatira nsalu ndi zina zotero.

F. Choyizira chofiyira ngati phula ndi zinthu zina mu silinda zidagwa ndikumamatira ku nsalu.

Mafuta a silicon:

Uwu ndiye mtundu wovuta kwambiri wamalo, zifukwa zazikulu:

A. Mtengo wansalu PH sunafike pakulowerera ndale, makamaka ndi alkali, zomwe zimapangitsa mafuta oyandama osakanikirana ndi mafuta;

B. Chithandizo cha kusamba kwamadzi ndikosauka kwambiri, kuuma ndikokwera kwambiri, mafuta a silicone mu> 150PPM kuuma kwa madzi ndikosavuta kuyandama mafuta;

C. Mavuto amtundu wa mafuta a silicone ndi monga emulsification osauka (kusasankha bwino kwa emulsifier, njira yoyipa ya emulsification, tinthu tating'onoting'ono tating'onoting'ono tating'onoting'ono tating'onoting'ono, ndi zina zotero) ndikumeta ubweya (makamaka mavuto amafuta a silicone omwe, monga mafuta a silicone, dongosolo la emulsification, mitundu ya silicone mafuta, kaphatikizidwe wamafuta a silicone, ndi zina zambiri).

Mutha kusankha mafuta a silicone omwe sagwirizana ndi kukameta ubweya, ma electrolyte ndi kusintha kwa PH, koma muyenera kusamala ndi kugwiritsa ntchito mafuta a silicone ndi malo ake. Mutha kuganiziranso posankha mafuta a hydrophilic silicone.

9. Kusayenda bwino:

Fluff yokhala ndi makina osagwiritsa ntchito bwino (monga kuwongolera mavuto, kuthamanga kwa mulu, ndi zina zambiri) pali ubale wapamtima, wokhomerera, wofewetsa (wodziwika kuti sera), cholimba cholimba komanso chosasinthasintha ndichinsinsi cha nsalu zowongolera, kukonzekera ndi Chinsinsi chofewetsera fuzz, ngati chimachepetsa ndi osauka, chitha kubweretsa kusokonekera, ngakhale kupangitsa kuti blah iswe kapena kusinthira m'lifupi.

2.Mavuto amtundu wamba pakumaliza utomoni:

Vuto la formdedehyde:

Zotsatira za freedehyde waulere mu utomoni kapena n-hydroxymethyl kapangidwe ka utomoni wowonongeka wa formaldehyde woyambitsidwa ndi zinthu za formaldehyde zopitilira malire. Utomoni wapamwamba wa formaldehyde kapena wosakhala wa formaldehyde uyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito.

Zachidziwikire, komwe kumayambitsa vuto la formaldehyde ndikutakata kwambiri, monga kukonza wothandizila Y, M, softener MS - 20, S - 1, wothandizira madzi AEG, FTC, zomatira RF, zotsekemera zamoto THPC ndi zowonjezera zina nthawi zina zimapangitsanso kuti formaldehyde ipitirire muyezo. Nthawi yomweyo, kusunthika kwa formaldehyde mumlengalenga kumathanso kuyambitsa formaldehyde wambiri pa nsalu.

Kusintha kwa chikasu kapena kusintha kwa utoto:

Utomoni kutsirizitsa, nthawi zambiri kumayambitsa chikasu, kotero kuyang'anira phindu la PH la wothandizila kumaliza utomoni, wokhala ndi zidulo za asidi, zida zothandizira, momwe zingathere kuchepetsa chikasu, kusintha kwamitundu.

(3) vuto lakuchepa kwamphamvu:

General utomoni kutsiriza adzabala kuchepa amphamvu, akhoza kuwonjezeredwa CHIKWANGWANI wothandizila zoteteza, monga oxidized polyethylene sera emulsifier.

Pakakhala vuto:

Kutsirizitsa kwa utomoni kumapangitsa kuti kuzimva kumveke, kumatha kuwonjezeredwa zosakaniza, koma sikuyenera kukhudza kutsirizika kwa utomoni. Khalani omasuka, kuti muchepetse vuto lakutsitsa mphamvu lathandizanso kwambiri. Koma kumverera kuti utomoni wapamtunda umayambitsa kudikirira mwakhama kuti vuto liyambike chifukwa monga utomoni wokha ndi kuyanika, mukufuna kupitabe patsogolo moyenera.

3. Mavuto ena amtundu:

(1) ayoni wazitsulo wambiri:

Ma ayoni azitsulo, Cu, Kr, Co, Ni, zinc, Hg, As, Pb, Cd muzogulitsa kunja monga Kuyesedwa, ngati kuli kochulukirapo, kumakhalanso ndi zotsatirapo zoyipa, monga formaldehyde mwa othandizira, mtundu uwu wa ion wachitsulo ndi wochepa, koma ena zowonjezera zimatha kuyambitsa zambiri, monga lawi lamoto la antimony trioxide emulsion wokhala ndi mercury, wothandizira madzi Cr, PhoboTexCR (ciba), Cerolc (sandoz) wokhala ndi chromium. Ubweya ukazunguliridwa ndi utoto wapakatikati, utoto wapakatikati womwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi potaziyamu dichromate kapena sodium dichromate kapena sodium chromate, Cr6 + ipitilira malire.

Vuto losintha mitundu:

Mukamaliza, kusintha kwamitundu kumakhala kochulukirapo, kuyenera kusamala mukamajambula utoto wosankhidwa, mukamajambula umboni, kuyenera kumaliza kumaliza molingana ndi ndondomekoyi, kudaya pomaliza kuweruza kuti musankhe ntchito yothandizidwa zokopa, zachidziwikire, zikadakhala bwino kuti zisasankhe kusintha utoto utamaliza yankho ndiye yankho labwino, koma izi nthawi zambiri zimakhala zoperewera (monga antibacterial wothandizila wokhala ndi mkuwa womwe uli ndi utoto, woteteza kumadzi amakhalanso ndi utoto, wokhala ndi chromium amatha kuyambitsa kusintha utoto ), komanso kulingalira za nsalu zautoto pakuumitsa kuchiritsa kuwala kwa utoto ndi kusintha kwa utoto chifukwa cha utoto wa sublimation komanso kutentha kwakukulu komwe kumachitika chifukwa cha zinthu zachikaso.

(3) APEO onenepa kwambiri:

APEO monga chizindikiritso chimaletsedwanso ndi mayiko ena, zizindikilo ndi kuyerekezera kwa wothandizila, kulowa mkati, kusindikiza utoto wa mafuta odzola, wothandizila, wothandizila pomaliza zonse, monga emulsifier mu TX yomwe ikugwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri, NP mndandanda wama surfactant ngati othandizira othandizira, zovuta zake kupewa, njira yokhayo ndikutulutsa fakitale ndikulimbikira kugwiritsa ntchito zowonjezera zowonjezera zachilengedwe, kuthetseratu kuti mukhale ndi APEO ndi zowonjezera zowopsa komanso zowopsa mufakitole.


Post nthawi: Feb-26-2020